Countries with the Most Interesting Waste Sorting Culture
By Amanda Bahraini
Different countries have different waste sorting system. The rules applied in one’s country are most likely depending on the country’s waste management technologies available, also the country’s government future plan.
What Indonesians do with their trashes
One thing for sure: it’s never too hard to throw your garbage in Indonesia. What Indonesians commonly do is putting our trashes in our personal garbage area which usually located at the front of our house, right at the side of the street. Put it there, and the garbage collectors with their big garbage truck or rusty garbage stroller will pick our trashes up.
Things aren’t quite different if you live in the apartment complex in Indonesia. Collect it, wrap it in a tight plastic bag if you wish, then put it outside your room or a special corner in your floor hallway, designated for a waste collection area.
Waste collection bill in Indonesia is expected to be paid personally to the garbage collection agent – no tax added, it’s simply a cost for garbage workers fee and garbage truck transportation fee. Bring your wastes to your nearest dumping site or landfill and you don’t need to pay for anything.
That’s it. It’s that simple.
Imagine how much culture shock an Indonesian would suffer when they – let’s say – living in a country famous for its sophisticated waste sorting system such as Japan, South Korea or Germany – a place where public-shaming1 and penalty fee for a failure in obeying the waste sorting rules is more likely to happen?
Germany: The leader of the world’s waste-recycling race
Germany is the country with the world’s number one recycling system. The country has a quite detailed way of sorting their waste – down to the colour of the glass waste you wished to throw away, the type of paper that could be put inside the paper waste bin, separate bin for metals, another different bin for plastic, another different bin for ceramic or broken glass, etc.
Here below are what you should know about Germany’s waste sorting system:
·You are expected to gather your waste in your apartment/housing area’s local public garbage bins along with the other residents.
·There are commonly 7 public garbage bins available in the German’s apartment/housing area:
1. Blue bin – for paper and cardboard, greasy pizza box goes to the gray bin!
2. Green and white bin – for glass, different bins for different glass colors, not available for Christmas ornaments and light bulbs!
3. Yellow/orange bin – for plastic and metals
4. Brown bin – biodegradable2 goods
5. Gray/black bin – everything else that can’t be recycled such as used diaper, kitty litter, animal waste, and ashes
·Some items do not belong in your apartment/housing area’s public garbage bins. Items like used batteries, electronics, unused paints, light bulbs, and appliances must be returned to the special agents/locations so they can be recycled. Other items such as clothes, shoes, and oversized trash and furniture are advised to be sold or donated.
·There’s this thing called Pfand3 in Germany, a certain portion of the price on a bottled drink that you get back if you return said bottle to a certified outlet. German law requires all shops over a certain size selling bottled drinks have to have a Pfandrückgabestelle4, or place to return bottles with deposits.
South Korea: A role model in the effort of reducing waste
South Koreans used to not really care about how to sort their waste too, but in the year 1995, their government took a different path from most of the other countries: they establish a systematic and strict waste management standard to ensure the stability of their future economy. Their government knows for sure that a good waste management system brings lots of good things: money-saving, environmentcaring, and that means more opportunities to grow and expand.
South Korea’s success in changing their people’s behavior and mindset towards waste management is a given5, considering how thorough and how strong their intentions in reducing waste. They did almost everything to ensure their waste reduction, the monetary rewards for offender’s information are just one of them.
One of the most notable technologies that South Koreans use in their waste management system is the electronic food waste bin equipped with RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification)6. People will have to tap their identification card before they could throw their waste into the public garbage bin. The garbage bin will then measure the weight of the trashes, calculate and accumulate it, and then send the garbage bill to the said person.
The food waste reduction is done not only by preventing their residents to make it in the first place, but also by utilizing it as their cattle food and biogas7 material.
Here below several interesting things you might want to know about South Korea’s waste management system.
Almost similar to Germany, a public garbage area existed in the housing/apartment in South Korea. You are expected to sort your waste without fail8 and put it into the right disposal bins. Here are the types of garbage bin provided in South Korea:
·Food Waste, anything that could be eaten by animals
·Oversized Waste, mostly electronic and furniture
·General Waste, anything that doesn’t belong to the other types
It might sound much simpler but don’t be too careless, because South Korea has a pretty strict rule and many exceptions about what items considered as what waste and so on.
For instance, because food waste bin is reserved for anything that can be eaten by animals, eggshells, crustacean shells, and bones are fairly prohibited from it. You are going to have to separate the bones from your meat waste, put the meat waste in the food waste bin and put the rest of the bones in the general waste bin.
Another thing to keep in mind about South Korea’s waste management system:
·Each district in South Korea has its own official garbage bag. You will have to use the one that is exclusive to the place you live in. The garbage bags could be bought at the local supermarket.
·In South Korea, the cost of garbage collection and disposal is included in the price of the garbage bags you purchase. This is why South Korea is setting the price of their garbage bags based on the type of waste and the volume of it.
A thought for the day
Rome isn’t built in a day, the same thing applies to a great waste management system. It’s a collective kind of efforts, it has to be supported by the government and all the people, it should be started by a simple way of waste sorting, and it needs to begin from our home. Proper waste sorting isn’t a hard thing to learn and remember, but it needs to be supported by your family members and your surroundings in order for you to gain benefits from it.
1. public-shaming 在公众面前蒙羞。
2. biodegradable 可生物降解的：指材料在生物体内通过溶解、酶解、细胞吞噬等作用，可被吸收或排出，在体内不存在残留。
5. given 理所应当之事。
7. biogas 生物气体，尤指沼气。
8. without fail 不出差错地。