中，这里的“戏曲”显然是指“中国戏曲”，可译成Chinese opera，但更准确的应该是traditional Chinese opera，以表中国戏曲的特色。关于opera一词，下面还有所涉及、分析。
“早在中国远古时代”，参赛者有多种译法，如As early as in ancient China、It is since China’s ancient times that、Far in ancient China、Back in ancient China 等，似都不错，但因下面还要涉及“中国戏曲”，为避免重复，此处译为In ancient times即可。
“戏曲的种子已经在歌舞中孕育了”，有参赛者译为The seed of traditional Chinese opera was sowed in China’s song-and-dance dramas，sowed the seed固然可以，如：We sowed our vegetable seed yesterday. Have you sown yours?（昨天我们播下了菜籽, 你也播种了吗?）同时，“孕育”还有用be pregnant with、inoculation、gestate、gestation等，但比较而言，这里不妨用breed，该词义为to be the cause of something，如：①Nothing breeds success like success.（一事成功万事亨通。）②The parents are trying to breed their son a musician.（父母尽力要把儿子培养成为音乐家。）
“人民精神生活”，大都译成了people’s spiritual life，但是推敲起来，spiritual在西方很容易让人联想到宗教，即：Spiritual means relating to people's thoughts and beliefs, rather than to their bodies and physical surroundings; Relating to religion or religious belief: (Collins COBUILD English Dictionary, 2012)相关的，如a spiritual approach to life、spiritual fulfillment、spiritual values、spiritual healing等。其实，此处实质要表述的是people’s cultural life。类似的，“群众性精神文明创建活动”不是people’s creativity for spiritual and ideological activity，而宜为public activities to promote ethical and cultural progress等。
顺便而言，在汉英翻译中，内容与词语在语言层面有时似乎不“对称”，如通常说的某个人的“文化水平”并不是cultural level，而是educational background、schooling等，但在内涵上却是等值的。
故此，该句不妨译为：In ancient times, the seed of traditional Chinese opera was bred in songs and dances. After entering the class society, the artistic tradition of singing and dancing remained in vast rural areas, constantly innovating to meet the needs of people’s cultural life.
中，“带有故事性的歌舞表演”，其中的“故事”参赛者多用了story、stories、storytelling等，如dramatic plays with story、music and dance performance with stories appeared in the folk、folk songs and dances of storytelling等，似乎不错，但比较而言，narrative更为恰当, 该词的本义为“a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program”，如：In this narrative performance, information might appear in any order.（在这个故事性表演中，信息可能会以任何次序出现。）
关于“民间”，很多人用了folk，固然该词可以用作名词，如：Due to many causes, there was cremation in the folk.（由于种种原因，民间火葬仍时有发生。）但更多情况下，该词用作形容词，如：①A military band played Russian marches and folk tunes.（一支军乐队演奏了俄罗斯的进行曲与民乐。）②Jack was a folk hero in the Greenwich Village bars.（在格林尼治村的酒吧里，杰克是人们心目中的英雄。）③The folk-song world was another of his abiding interests.（民歌是他另一个始终不渝的爱好。）此外，还有用among the people、nongovernmental、people-to-people等。其实，这里不妨选择populace，其义为people in general considered as a whole，如：①The temple fair provided a unique public space for the populace to enjoy the leisure in rural society.（庙会为乡下民众提供了一个享受休闲的独特公共场所。）②他受到当地大部分百姓的拥戴。（He has the support of large sections of the local populace.）。
故此，该句不妨译为：Up to the Han Dynasty (BC202—8, 23—220), narrative folk songs and dances became popular among the populace, such as “Duke Huang of the East Sea” of Bai opera.
中的“喜剧性质的歌舞戏”，许多人译成comedy songs and dances，此处应用形容词comedic，而“歌舞戏”为song-dance drama。
“雏形”，一般英文有miniature、mold、prototype、precursor等，参赛译文用得最多的是embryo，其本义为 an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life，不过此处最好用其形容词形式，组成embryonic form。
整句可译为：During the Sui and Tang Dynasties (581—907), comedic song-dance drama and canjun opera, came into being one after another, shaping the embryonic form of traditional Chinese opera.
中，“新兴的”（市民阶层），参赛者用得最多的是emerging、mergence、new、give birth to、fresh等，如emerging citizen stratum arose in cities、the emergence of the citizen stratum、gave birth to the new citizen stratum、a class of fresh citizens emerged in the city等，都是可以接受的。类似的，如：①运筹学是一门新兴的学科。（Operational Research is a newly emerging subject.）②He more or less railroaded the rest of Europe into recognizing the new “independent” states.（他几乎是迫使其他欧洲国家承认了那些新兴的“独立”国家。）③他新兴的事业生气勃勃，前途光明。（His fresh enterprise is full of life and has a bright future.）此外还有rising、jumped-up等。但是，考虑到当时社会的盛世状况，不妨选择burgeoning，其本义为begin to grow or develop rapidly，如a burgeoning population（急剧增长的人口）、burgeoning demand（迅速增加的需求）等。
同时，“市民阶层”，在这里多少有些前现代社会性质的概念，似可用burgher class、civilians，但前者主要指某些欧洲国家中产阶级的市民或镇民，而后者是现代社会的一个法律概念，故不妨用中性的urban inhabitants。
“元杂剧”，一般译成了Yuan-Dynasty Zaju、Yuan-Dynasty zaju plays、zaju of the Yuan dynasty、Drama of the Yuan Dynasty、Yuan-Dynasty Opera which had combined all performance elements mentioned above等。其实，严格讲，Opera不是中国的传统艺术，尽管已有译文如Beijing opera（京剧）、Peking opera（中国京剧）、Cantonese opera（粤剧）、Shaoxing/Yue opera（越剧）等，但其本义为“a drama set to music; consists of singing with orchestral accompaniment and an orchestral overture and interludes”（特别是笔者所加下划线部分，纯属西洋乐特色），如Puccini's operas（普契尼的歌剧）、the Vienna State Opera（维也纳国家歌剧院）、light/grand opera（轻/大歌剧）等。然而，为便于英语读者接受，不妨“中和”一下，译为Yuan zaju opera。同样，“宋金杂剧院本”（宋叫“杂剧”，金叫“院本”，二者同一）也可作类似处理。
故此，整句不妨译为：With the economic growth, in the Song Dynasty (960—1279), the burgeoning urban inhabitants emerged together with Song and Jin zaju opera to reflect their life and views, laying the foundation for Yuan zaju opera to take form.
The traditional Chinese opera originated from songs and dances at the very early stage in Chinese history. After entering the class society, the traditional song and dance art was still popular in vast rural areas, innovating and developing to meet the people's needs on spiritual life. In Han Dynasty, storytelling folk song and dance performance, such as Huang Gong of East Sea, an acrobatics opera, appeared. During Sui and Tang Dynasties, the song and dance drama and Canjun drama with comedy nature came out, which had some attributes of the traditional Chinese opera. With the development of economy in Song Dynasty, the citizen stratum emerged in cities, Zaju and Yuanben were born in Song and Jin Dynasties, which reflected the citizens’ life and views and laid the foundation for Zaju of the Yuan Dynasty.
The earliest elements of traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, can be found in the singing and dancing tradition of great antiquity. With the strata of Chinese society taking shape, this tradition continued in rural areas and kept evolving as a form of mass entertainment. Narrative-style song-and-dance acts emerged among common people in the Han Dynasty. One example is the Baixi variety show “Huang Gong of the Eastern Sea”. Into the Sui and Tang Dynasties, more theatrical performances, such as song-and-dance dramas and “adviser-to-the-army” plays, came out in succession as the early forms of Chinese opera. In the Song Dynasty, with flourishing of the economy, urban residents emerged as a new stratum and the Zaju (literally “variety play”, also known as Yuanben in the Jin Dynasty) depicting their lives and views came into being. This laid the foundation for the creation of Yuan Zaju, dramas of the Yuan Dynasty.